Here are three:
Svarog is the Russian god of fire. The name is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Swarg’ meaning ‘heaven’. Other names of Svarog are ‘Dievs’ and ‘Praboh’, which are from the Sanskrit words ‘Dev’ and ‘Prabhu’ meaning ‘god’. Svarog established his capital in Nogorod, a city that still exists in Russia. ‘Gorod’ means ‘town’ in Russian and ‘Nov’ is from the Sanskrit word ‘Nav’ meaning ‘new’. Svarog is also the Russian god of blacksmithery. Therefore, the Russian word for ‘welding’ is ‘svarit’.
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Russian children grow up listening to the stories of ‘Baba Yaga’. Baba Yaga is a witch-like character with chicken-legs, whose mode of transport is the broom. It is believed that Baba Yaga was not always the personification of evil as portrayed in children’s folklore. Till about the 7th Century AD, she was considered as a mini-goddess. If you ask a Russian, she/he can easily tell you the meaning of ‘Baba’ (‘old lady’ or ‘grandma’) but not of ‘Yaga’ since there is no Russian word similar to ‘Yaga’. According to Alexander Afanasyev, the great Russian fairytale writer of the 19th century, the origin of the word ‘Yaga’ is the Sanskrit word ‘ahi’ meaning ‘snake’.
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Volkh Vseslavyevich is a Russian legendary hero who defended Russia from foreign attacks. One of the famous stories about Volkh is about a confrontation with an Indian king. The Indian king plans to conquer Russia. Volkh leads his army of 7000 friends to defeat the Indian king. He transforms himself and his men into ants so that they could get inside the Indian fort. The Indian king is defeated. But the 7000 men marry Indian girls and bring them home as their brides.
(Photo credit: Wikivisually.com)