Most interesting facts about India's struggle for freedom

Bhagat Singh was a polyglot. He knew French, Swedish and Arabic besides English, Hindi, Urdu and Punjabi. He was an avid reader, too.

(Photo of Bhagat Singh)

  • The Indian national flag was first designed by Pingali Venkayya at Bezwada in 1921. He used two colours - red and green. Mahatma Gandhi suggested the addition of a white band and the spinning wheel. Later, saffron colour replaced red.

(Flag designed by Pingali Venkayya)

  • 15 August was chosen as the day for India’s independence by the last Viceroy of India, Lord Mountbatten as it was on this day in 1945 that Japan surrendered to the Allied Forces.

  • When India became independent on 15 August 1947, she did not have a National Anthem. Even though the Bengali version of Jana Gana Mana was written in 1911, it became the National Anthem three years after independence.

  • Khudiram Bose was one of the youngest martyrs. He was hanged when he was 18 years old.

(Khudiram Bose is in the centre of the photo)

  • Lord Mountbatten had to attend the Independence Day of both India and Pakistan, which is why Pakistan’s Independence Day was set for 14 August, a day before India’s Independence Day.

  • After the partition, Pakistan got one-third of the Indian Army, two out of the six largest cities and forty percent of erstwhile Indian Railways.

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